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Full text of "History Of Ancient India"

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{\rtf1\ansi {\colortbl;\red0\green0\blue0;\red0\green0\blue255;\red0\green255\blue255;\red0\green255\blue0;\red255\green0\blue255;\red255\green0\blue0;\red255\green255\blue0;\red255\green255\blue255;}{\fonttbl{\f0\froman\cpg0\fcharset0 Times New Roman;}{\f1\froman\cpg1252\fcharset0 Times New Roman;}{\f2\froman\cpg1251\fcharset204 Times New Roman;}{\f3\froman\cpg1250\fcharset238 Times New Roman;}{\f4\froman\cpg1257\fcharset186 Times New Roman;}{\f5\froman\cpg1254\fcharset162 Times New Roman;}{\f6\froman\cpg1253\fcharset161 Times New Roman;}{\f7\froman\cpg1255\fcharset177 Times New Roman;}}{\stylesheet {\sbasedon222\f1\fs20 Normal;}}\paperw12240\paperh15840\margl3213\margr3087\margt1440\margb720 \sectd \sbknone\pgwsxn12240\pghsxn15840\marglsxn3213\margrsxn3087\margtsxn1440\margbsxn720\cols1\colsx60 \pard \plain \cbpat8\ql\li0\fi0\ri0\sb0\sa0 \f1\fs20{\b0\i0\cf1\charscalex100\expndtw-1\f1\cchs0\lang1033\fs22 i\sub 3\nosupersub 4   ALTARS : ADMINISTRATIVE ARRANGEMENTS}\par \pard \plain \cbpat8\qj\li14\fi0\ri277\sb216\sa0\sl-259\slmult0 \f1\fs20{\b0\i0\cf1\charscalex100\expndtw-2\f1\cchs0\lang1033\fs25 adventures, but it was chiefly due to the pusillanimous \expndtw1 attitude of his troops that his progress was arrested and \expndtw7 he was forced to retreat.\super 1}\par \pard \plain \cbpat8\ql\li36\fi0\ri0\sb202\sa0 \f1\fs20{\b0\i\cf1\charscalex100\expndtw4\f1\cchs0\lang1033\fs25 Altars}\par \pard \plain \cbpat8\qj\li54\fi454\ri209\sb126\sa0\sl-245\slmult0 \f1\fs20{\b0\i0\cf1\charscalex100\expndtw0\f1\cchs0\lang1033\fs25 It is said that with a view to marking the extreme \expndtw3 point of his advance eastward Alexander gave direc\-\expndtw8 tions for the construction of twelve colossal stone \expndtw-2 altars, dedicated to the chief 'Greek gods.\super 2\nosupersub  When these \expndtw10 massive monuments were completed, Alexander \expndtw-2 offered sacrifices, accompanied with appropriate cere\-\expndtw2 monies, for a safe return home.}\par \pard \plain \cbpat8\ql\li115\fi0\ri0\sb198\sa0 \f1\fs20{\b0\i\cf1\charscalex85\expndtw8\f1\cchs0\lang1033\fs25 Retreat\i0 : \i Scheme of administration}\par \pard \plain \cbpat8\ql\li137\fi299\ri0\sb126\sa0\sl-238\slmult0 \f1\fs20{\b0\i0\cf1\charscalex100\expndtw6\f1\cchs0\lang1033\fs25 The Macedonian storm, having swept    over  the \expndtw4 Punjab, receded in September, 326 B.C., and probably \expndtw2 beyond hearing its rumblings the peoples of the Gange-\expndtw4 tic plains knew nothing of its devastating fury.    Soon \expndtw3 Alexander reached the bank of the Hydaspes (Jhelum), \expndtw4 which was the scene of his conflict with Poros.    Here \expndtw3 Alexander made proper arrangements for keeping ^the \expndtw10 conquered parts of the Punjab under his subjection. \expndtw3 He placed his new ally, Poros, in charge of all the tract \expndtw5 between the Hydaspes and the Hyphasis, and Omphis \expndtw8 or Ambhi of Taxila, was given full jurisdiction over \expndtw0 the   Indus-Hydaspes   Doab.   Likewise,   the   ruler   of \expndtw4 Abhisara  had  his  authority extended  over   Kashmir \expndtw6 with Arsakes of Urasa (Hazara district) as his vassal. \expndtw7 And as a  counterpoise to  the  rule  of these   Indian \expndtw3 princes, Alexander stationed adequate Greek garrisons \expndtw4 in   cities   founded by himself on Indian soil.    These \expndtw5 Greek settlers were meant to be the sentinels or guar-}\par \pard \plain \cbpat8\ql\li641\fi0\ri0\sb238\sa0\sl-198\slmult0\tx760 \f1\fs20{\b0\i0\super\cf1\charscalex100\expndtw0\f1\cchs0\lang1033\fs20 1{\charscalex100\expndtw0\tab }\nosupersub\expndtw5 See also \i J.A.S.B., \i0 New Series XIX, 1923, pp. 765-769.}\par \pard \plain \cbpat8\ql\li288\fi353\ri0\sb0\sa0\sl-198\slmult0\tx760 \f1\fs20{\b0\i0\super\cf1\charscalex100\expndtw0\f1\cchs0\lang1033\fs20 2{\charscalex100\expndtw0\tab }\nosupersub\expndtw5 These altars must have been on the right bank of the Hypha\-\line \expndtw3 sis and not on its left side, as Pliny would have us believe (VI, 62).}\par }